Construction of ice rink and formation of ice surface

With people’s love for outdoor activities and pursuit of healthy living, ice skating, as a popular winter activity, has gradually become more and more popular. In order to meet people’s needs, more and more ice rinks have begun to be built in cities. Below we will introduce the construction of the ice rink and the formation process of ice in the ice rink.

Before building an ice rink, a series of planning and preparations need to be carried out. The first is site selection. The ice rink should be located on a flat and easily drainable place to avoid the impact of accumulated water on the ice surface. At the same time, considering the flow of people and safety, ice rinks are usually located in places with convenient transportation and beautiful surroundings. The second is structural design. Ice rinks usually consist of ice surface, refrigeration system and surrounding facilities. The ice surface is the core area, and ice plates are generally made of special materials that can withstand frequent use and wear of the skates. The refrigeration system is the key to maintaining the temperature of the ice surface, usually using professional refrigeration units and piping systems. Surrounding facilities include auditoriums, changing rooms, ticket offices, etc. to meet people’s daily needs. Then there is the installation of the refrigeration system. The refrigeration system is the core part of the ice rink and is responsible for maintaining the low temperature of the ice surface. The refrigeration system usually consists of refrigeration units, cooling towers, pipelines, etc., and ensures the quality of the ice surface by accurately controlling temperature and humidity. The last and most critical thing is safety protection measures. Safety at the rink is paramount. Therefore, ice rinks usually have fences, warning signs, etc. to prevent accidents. At the same time, regular safety inspections and maintenance will be carried out to ensure the integrity of the facilities.

The ice in the rink is formed through artificial refrigeration. Refrigeration equipment generally uses a refrigerant circulation system to reduce the temperature of the ice surface by circulating the refrigerant, causing it to gradually solidify into ice. The specific refrigeration process is as follows:
Preparation: First, make sure the ice surface is smooth and free of impurities. This requires cleaning and sanding the site to remove dirt and uneven parts of the surface.
Water injection and temperature adjustment: Then, inject an appropriate amount of water into the venue. Next, the refrigeration system is activated, gradually cooling the water through precise control of temperature and humidity.
Freezing process: As the temperature drops, water begins to gradually freeze. During this process, constant temperature and humidity need to be maintained to ensure the quality of the ice surface. At the same time, the ice surface must be inspected regularly to ensure that there are no bubbles or impurities.
Ice surface maintenance: After the ice surface is formed, regular maintenance is required. This includes cleaning the ice, adjusting the temperature, repairing minor damage, and more. Through these measures, the flatness and smoothness of the ice surface can be ensured, providing skaters with a good skating experience.

The construction of an ice rink and the ice formation process require careful planning and execution, but they provide a healthy, safe, and fun outdoor activity venue so that more people can enjoy winter fun.